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ObamaCare Constitutionality Upheld in Michigan—for Now

October 29, 2010
By David Kopel

The recent decision in Michigan’s Thomas More Law Center v. Obama legal case was a short-term victory for President Obama’s health care control law.

stethoscope and insurance docs

The recent decision in Michigan’s Thomas More Law Center v. Obama legal case was a short-term victory for President Obama’s health care control law. Yet a close reading of the case suggests the law may have a very tough time once it gets before the U.S. Supreme Court.

The Obama administration’s strategy has been to try to delay the legal cases as long as possible. In order to bring a case in federal court, a plaintiff must have “standing”—a personal, concrete legal interest, as opposed to a generalized grievance. The Obama administration asserted no individual could have standing to challenge the mandate until 2014.

The Obama rationale would delay Supreme Court consideration by at least four years, by which time Obama might be able to pack the Supreme Court with justices who pass his litmus test of being willing to uphold the unprecedented federal law.

Question of Standing

Like the federal district judges in Virginia and Florida, Judge George Steeh in Michigan rejected the Obama argument on standing. Judge Steeh recognized the individual plaintiffs must begin saving money today in order to pay for the $8,000 per family federal insurance policies they will be forced to start buying in 2014. The requirement to spend money starting at a certain date in the future can cause an immediate economic injury in the present.

So far the Obama administration is 0 for 3 in its efforts to block courts from considering the constitutional merits of the health care control law.

The Constitution grants Congress the power to “regulate Commerce … among the several States.” Congress is further given authority to enact laws which are “necessary and proper” to execute its enumerated powers.

So the Supreme Court has allowed Congress to prohibit a farmer from growing wheat for his own use and a sick woman from growing medical marijuana. The Court majorities have reasoned the restrictions on intrastate activities are necessary and proper for Congress to be able to control the interstate markets in wheat or marijuana (Wickard v. Filburn; Gonzales v. Raich).

However, rhe Court has consistently ruled Congress cannot regulate noneconomic activities, such as carrying a handgun, or sexual assault, just because those activities have some indirect effect on the economy (U.S. v. Lopez; U.S. v. Morrison).

Regulating Inactivity

The choice not to buy a Congressionally designed insurance product is not an activity at all. It is inactivity.

Nonetheless, Judge Steeh ruled not buying insurance is an “economic decision.” Which is true, since all inactivity, including not purchasing products, is in a sense an economic decision—if you’re sleeping, you’ve made the “economic decision” not to spend your time working to make money.

According to Judge Steeh, then, Congress can use its constitutional interstate commerce power to force you to make the “economic decision” to buy a bureaucratically designed insurance policy you don’t want.

Unlimited Power

The Supreme Court, however, has never held Congress can regulate every economic decision. Such a ruling would convert our Constitution of limited, enumerated powers into a grant of unlimited central power. The American people of 1787 never would have ratified unlimited central power, nor do Americans support such power today.

That Judge Steeh had to invent the “economic decision” theory demonstrates that a conscientious judge who wants to uphold the health control law can’t find a plausible way to do so within existing Supreme Court doctrine.

Judge Steeh’s opinion artfully elides the fact that he is creating a new court doctrine, but ultimately the omission is not important. The constitutionality of the health care control law will probably be decided by the Supreme Court.

The Court might choose to invent just such an economic decisions doctrine and thereby stretch the Constitution beyond its breaking point. Or the Court might decide to keep the Constitution as it exists, with congressional powers over interstate commerce that are very broad but not unlimited.

The Thomas More case makes it clear the ObamaCare mandate to buy something you don’t want is constitutional only if the Supreme Court chooses to change the Constitution.

David Kopel (david@i2i.org) is Adjunct Professor of Advanced Constitutional Law at the University of Denver, and research director of the Independence Institute in Colorado. Reprinted with permission from DailyCaller.com.

 

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