Public Being Misled about Temperature
Climate Change Weekly #158 [Subscribe] Regular readers of Climate Change Weekly (CCW) are aware of the temperature shenanigans of major climate research institutions in Australia and the United States.
Climate Change Weekly #158 [Subscribe]
Regular readers of Climate Change Weekly (CCW) are aware of the temperature shenanigans of major climate research institutions in Australia and the United States. For instance, the lead article in the September 29, 2014, CCW detailed the Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s (BOM) number-fudging. BOM routinely alters temperature records in a process called homogenization. Almost all its alterations resulted in higher temperatures being reported for the present and lower numbers for the past – making a warming trend more prominent.
Homogenization isn’t just for developed countries anymore.
In a discovery prominent skeptical journalist James Delingpole says is worse than Climategate, evidence suggests temperature measurements in rural Paraguay, among other locations, also have been massaged to give the illusion of a prominent warming trend.
Advocates for homogenization have argued many temperature station readings must be adjusted for confounding factors like the urban heat island effect or the closure or movement of a measuring station. Such issues rarely arise in rural locations, yet measurements from these locations are also homogenized.
Upon close examination, it seems measurements from both rural and urban measuring stations across South America – from Brazil to Paraguay – have been corrupted by the homogenization process.
For example, raw data from three rural measuring stations in Paraguay show a significant cooling trend since the 1950s, but after they’ve been “homogenized,” data from each station show relatively rapid temperature increases.
A similar homogenization of urban temperature records has produced comparable results; measured cooling or flat temperature trends are transformed into evidence that supports alarmists’ warming fears.
Despite years of data-tampering caused by homogenization, we keep reading headlines like “Records show 2014 warmest year on record.” News headlines supporting the theory of manmade climate change are supposedly trustworthy because actual data are being cited, but the reality is the data used are not reliable. We should stop pretending otherwise.
Delingpole provides a useful analogy in his Breitbart article:
Suppose say, that for the last 100 years my family have been maintaining a weather station at the bottom of our garden, diligently recording the temperatures day by day, and that what these records show is this: that in the 1930s it was jolly hot – even hotter than in the 1980s; that since the 1940s it has been cooling.
What conclusions would you draw from this hard evidence?
Well the obvious one, I imagine, is that the dramatic Twentieth Century warming that people like Al Gore have been banging on about is a crock. At least according to this particular weather station it is.
Now how would you feel if you went and took these temperature records along to one of the world’s leading global warming experts – say Gavin Schmidt at NASA or Phil Jones at CRU or Michael Mann at Penn State – and they studied your records for a moment and said: “This isn’t right.” What if they then crossed out all your temperature measurements, did a few calculations on the back of an envelope, and scribbled in their amendments? And you studied those adjustments and you realised, to your astonishment, that the new, pretend temperature measurements told an entirely different story from the original, real temperature measurements: that where before your records showed a cooling since the 1940s they now showed a warming trend.
You’d be gobsmacked, would you not?
I know I am, or at least I would be if I hadn’t been actively examining this gross spectacle for more than 20 years.
-- H. Sterling Burnett
IN THIS ISSUE …
More snow: Better measurements, not climate change … Past climate: Higher temperatures, higher seas … Russia secretly fights U.S. fracking … Climate alarmists ignore encouraging facts … Oregon’s top newspaper calls on Green governor to resign … Climate models miss another climate factor
MORE SNOW: BETTER MEASUREMENTS, NOT CLIMATE CHANGE
Deflating one of the oddest claims made by global warming alarmists – that global warming was causing an increased number of large snowfall events – Matt Kelsch, a hydrometeorologist at University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, says the anomalous number of cities experiencing record snow events during the past two decades is due to a change in how snowfall is measured, not human-induced climate change. Snow-measuring techniques have changed over time. Kelsch wrote, “In fact, the apparent trend toward bigger snowfalls is at least partially the result of new – and more accurate – ways of measuring snowfall totals.” Snow depth is measured every six hours; in the past, it was measured at intervals of 12 to 24 hours. Because snow on the ground gets compacted as additional snow falls, increasing the number of measurements results in a more accurate snowfall measurement during and after storms. Kelsch wrote, “It turns out that it’s not uncommon for the snow on the ground at the end of a storm to be 15 to 20 percent less than the total that would be derived from multiple snowboard measurements.”
PAST CLIMATE: HIGHER TEMPERATURES, HIGHER SEAS
A new paper shows sea levels were 20 to 30 feet higher and temperatures higher during the past interglacial cycle, 125,000 years ago, than at present – and all without human intervention. Researchers working at universities in Florida (the lead author), Australia, New Zealand, and Stockholm examined fossil corals on Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean and found under modestly warmer conditions than the world is presently experiencing, Antarctic ice sheets collapsed relatively rapidly, which resulted in much higher sea levels. The authors wrote, “[S]ea-level rise in the Last Interglacial period was driven by the same processes active today – thermal expansion of seawater, melting mountain glaciers and melting polar ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica – most was driven by polar ice sheet melt.” All of the factors or processes listed are natural and are common between ice ages, regardless of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. The paper was published in the January issue of Quaternary Science Reviews.
SOURCE: Reporting Climate Science
RUSSIA SECRETLY FIGHTS U.S. FRACKING
The Environmental Policy Alliance uncovered documents detailing Russia’s clandestine funding of anti-fracking groups in the United States. It may sound like a spy-movie script, but The Washington Free Beacon says the story is all too real, reporting. “A shadowy Bermudan company that has funneled tens of millions of dollars to anti-fracking environmentalist groups in the United States is run by executives with deep ties to Russian oil interests and offshore money laundering schemes involving members of President Vladimir Putin’s inner circle.” Klein Ltd., the company in question, sent $23 million in just two years to the Sea Change Foundation, which dispersed the money to multiple anti-fracking groups. Most of Klein’s directors are connected to or are directors of oil companies linked to the Russian government. The report concludes: “The evidence raises serious questions about the potential for high-level Russian oil and political interests funding attacks on U.S. energy development by the American environmental movement in an effort to diminish international competition for oil production and protect Russian energy interests.” The Environmental Policy Alliance is not the first to link Russian money to anti-fracking interests. Former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said, “I have met allies who can report that Russia, as part of their sophisticated information and disinformation operations, engaged actively with so-called non-governmental organizations – environmental organizations working against shale gas – to maintain European dependence on imported Russian gas.”
CLIMATE ALARMISTS IGNORE ENCOURAGING FACTS
Skeptical environmentalist Bjorn Lomborg points out while carbon dioxide emissions are rising faster than most scientists have predicted, data show we are seeing 90 percent less temperature rise than predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; the various horrific weather events that were supposed to flow from global warming have not and seem unlikely to come to pass. Contrary to predictions, Antarctic sea ice is expanding, the rate of sea-level rise is slowing, and droughts and hurricanes are not increasing in number, duration, or strength. Lomborg said, “[C]limate change is not worse than we thought [and though] we’re told that things are worse than ever, [the] facts don’t support this.”
SOURCE: The Wall Street Journal
OREGON’S TOP NEWSPAPER CALLS ON GREEN GOVERNOR TO RESIGN
In 2014, Oregon’s largest newspaper, Portland’s The Oregonian, endorsed Gov. John Kitzhaber (D) for reelection. Now, less than a month into his fourth term as governor, The Oregonian is calling on Kitzhaber to resign. Kitzhaber, famous for promoting green energy and fighting climate change, has become embroiled in a scandal involving his fiancé and his staff’s green-energy dealings. Kitzhaber’s fiancé, Cylvia Hayes, described as an unpaid energy advisor to the governor, has received nearly $200,000 in grants and fellowships from clean-energy firms lobbying the state. Those funds were not fully accounted for on her tax forms or in Kitzhaber’s ethics filings, despite the fact he has repeatedly claimed her as part of his household. A 2010 Kitzhaber campaign advisor arranged for Hayes to receive the funding. The advisor later received a $165,000 per year job with the Kitzhaber administration. Another Kitzhaber campaign advisor arranged for Hayes to get a job with the nonprofit Rural Development Initiatives, where she helped raise money for a clean economy project that received tens of thousands of dollars through Kitzhaber’s support. The Oregonian staff wrote, “Is he so oblivious that he had no idea that campaign advisers were helping his girlfriend line up employment marked by ethical red flags? Is he really so clueless that he had no idea how much money Hayes collected through her fellowship, which would explain his apparently incomplete ethics filings? Or, alternatively, did he know and fail to act? Both possibilities are damning, and it’s difficult to imagine alternatives that are not. Whether through gross inattention or complicity, Kitzhaber has broken faith with Oregonians.”
SOURCE: The Oregonian">
CLIMATE MODELS MISS ANOTHER CLIMATE FACTOR
A paper published in Geophysical Research Letters shows vast ranges of undersea volcanoes flare up on regular cycles, ranging from two weeks to 100,000 years. The cyclical outbursts are apparently tied to short- and long-term changes in Earth’s orbit, as well as to sea levels. The volcanoes may also help trigger natural climate swings. If confirmed, the relative role human activities play in climate change will have to be adjusted downward, again!