Policy Documents

Modeling Climatic Effects of Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Unknowns and Uncertainties

Sherwood B. Idso, Kirill Ya. Kondratyev –
November 2, 2001

In this paper published in Climate Research in 2001, Willie Soon, Sallie Baliunas, Sherwood Idso, Kirill Kondratyev, and Eric Posmentier review the common deficiencies in general circulation model (GCM) calculations of atmospheric temperature, surface temperature, and precipitation and their spatial and temporal variability. These deficiencies arise from complex problems associated with parameterization of multiply interacting climate components, forcings, and feedbacks, involving especially clouds and oceans.