Oklahoma Higher Ed Needs Reform, Not More Taxpayer Money
With Oklahoma facing budget challenges during this year’s legislative session, higher education appropriations took a 5.8 percent cut. Predictably, this triggered a harsh response from leaders of the state’s universities, who claim that the cut will harm future economic growth. Yet, as we detail in our new report, “Oklahoma Higher Education: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom,” such claims are unfounded.
Indeed, the empirical evidence shows that state appropriations for higher education neither positively affect economic growth nor lead to a higher percentage of college-educated citizens in one’s state. In other words, cutting appropriations for higher education will not hamper economic growth nor will it lead to a less-educated workforce. These findings challenge the conventional wisdom, but four points help to explain our findings.
First, Oklahoma’s public colleges and universities have actually done well financially in recent years. Despite higher education funding cuts nationwide, revenues at Oklahoma’s public four-year colleges and universities increased by an average of 21 percent between 2003 and 2008, even after controlling for inflation and enrollment growths. Likewise, expenditures rose more than 25 percent. It appears Oklahoma colleges have pursued a strategy of raising as much money as possible, and then spending it all in order to seek ever more money the next budget year.
Next, much of the money that universities spend is not used to teach students anyway. In fact, on average only about 41 cents of every dollar spent by an Oklahoma public university goes toward instruction. This trend has worsened; in the period from 2004 to 2009 instructional spending across the state grew at a much slower pace than universities’ administrative and research components. This suggests that only a minority of any new monies appropriated to Oklahoma universities would actually be used to benefit student instruction.