An Overview of E-Verify Policies at the State Level
In this Backgrounder & Report, in recent years, many states have enacted enforcement-focused immigration laws in an effort to discourage illegal immigration into their jurisdictions.
In this Backgrounder & Report, in recent years, many states have enacted enforcement-focused immigration laws in an effort to discourage illegal immigration into their jurisdictions. E-Verify, the federally run employment authorization program, has become a central part of this state-level effort as many states now require use of the program for some or all employers. After Arizona's state-wide mandate on E-Verify use was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting in May 2011, a number of states embraced the program and many more are considering similar mandates. Currently 16 states require use of E-Verify in some form and those laws are detailed in this report.
E-Verify is an Internet-based system that allows businesses to determine the eligibility of their employees to work in the United States by comparing an employee's Social Security number and other information against millions of government records. The program generally provides results in three to five seconds. According to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) more than 353,000 employers use E-Verify at nearly 900,000 worksites. About 1,200 new businesses sign up each week. In fiscal year 2011, the program ran more than 17.4 million queries. The federal government requires federal contractors to use E-Verify, but it has not been made mandatory for all employers.