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Policy Tip Sheet: Tobacco Harm Reduction 101: Louisiana

January 22, 2020

Analysis of the vaping industry in Louisiana, including economic data, state health department findings on vaping-related lung illnesses, youth e-cigarette use, tobacco retail compliance checks, and state funding dedicated to tobacco control programs.

Since their introduction to the U.S. market in 2007, e-cigarettes and vaping devices—tobacco harm reduction products that are 95 percent safer than combustible cigarettes—have helped more than three million American adults quit smoking.

1. Economic Impact
According to the Vapor Technology Association, in 2018, the industry created 1,301 direct vaping-related jobs, including manufacturing, retail, and wholesale jobs in Louisiana, which generated $45 million in wages alone.[1] Moreover, the industry has created hundreds of secondary jobs in the Pelican State, bringing the total economic impact in 2018 to $492,639,500. In the same year, Louisiana received more than $23 million in state taxes attributable to the vaping industry. These figures do not include sales in convenience stores, which sell vapor products including disposables and prefilled cartridges. In 2016, sales of these products in Louisiana eclipsed $3.7 million.[2]

2. State Health Department Data
As of January 17, 2020, the Louisiana Department of Health (LDH) has reported 35 cases of vaping-related lung illnesses, including two deaths.[3] The age of patients ranges from 17 to 71 years-old, with a median age of 30. LDH notes that 24 patients report vaping tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The Heartland Institute gives LDH a grade of A for information available on vaping-related lung illnesses.

3. More Information Needed
The most recent report on youth e-cigarette use in Louisiana is from the 2019 Youth Vaping Report.[4] According to the report, in 2019, 31.6 percent of Louisiana high school students reported using a vapor product on at least one-day in the 30 days prior to the survey. Moreover, 54.2 percent of Louisiana high school students reported using vapor products because of “curiosity.” There is no data on frequent or current use in the 2019 report, but according to the 2017 Louisiana Youth Risk Behavior Survey, in 2017, only 1.4 percent Louisiana high school students reported daily e-cigarette use.[5] More data is needed to understand the effects of public health campaigns on youth e-cigarette use.  

4. Youth Sales Miniscule
From January 1, 2018 to September 30, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) administered 7,398 tobacco age compliance inspections in Louisiana, in which the agency used a minor in an attempt to purchase tobacco products.[6] Of those, 1,032, or 14 percent, resulted in a sale to a minor. Of the violations, 82 (7 percent of violations and 1 percent of all compliance checks) involved the sale of e-cigarettes or vaping devices. The number of violations involving sales of cigars and cigarettes were 436 and 498, respectively, during the same period.

5. Misspent Money
In 2019, Louisiana received an estimated $459.6 million in tobacco taxes and tobacco settlement payments. In the same year, the state spent only $5.4 million, or 1 percent, on funding tobacco control programs, including education and prevention.[7] The lack of funding is most notable in the state’s telephone quit line, of which Louisiana spends $1.27 per smoker, lower than the national average of $2.21.

Policy Solution
Electronic cigarettes and vaping devices have proven to be tremendous tobacco harm reduction tools, helping many smokers transition away from combustible cigarettes. Despite recent fearmongering, their use is significantly safer than traditional cigarettes, as noted by numerous public health groups including the Royal College of Physicians,[8] Public Health England,[9] and the American Cancer Society.[10] Rather than restricting their use, and undoubtedly reducing public health gains and millions of dollars in economic output, lawmakers should dedicate existing tobacco funds on programs that actually reduce youth use.

Key Points:
1. Louisiana’s vaping industry provided more than $492 million in economic activity in 2018 while generating 1,301 direct vaping-related jobs. Sales of disposables and prefilled cartridges in Louisiana exceeded $3.7 million in 2016.

2. As of January 17, 2020, LDH has reported 35 cases of vaping-related lung illnesses, including two deaths. LDH has reported that 24 of Louisiana’s case patients have reported vaping THC. LDH earns an A for its transparency on vaping-related lung illnesses.  

3. In 2017, only 1.6 percent of Louisiana high school students reported daily e-cigarette use. More data is needed.   

4. Only 2 percent of FDA retail compliance checks in Louisiana resulted in sales of e-cigarettes to minors from January 1, 2018 to September 30, 2019.

5. Louisiana spends very little on tobacco prevention. In 2019, Louisiana dedicated only $5 million on tobacco control, or 1 percent of what the state received in tobacco settlement payments and taxes.

 

References


[1] Vapor Technology Association, “The Economic Impact of the Vapor Industry LOUISIANA,” 2019, https://vta.guerrillaeconomics.net/reports/3b13c238-9b10-4d51-9e50-41504b2c9080?.

[2] Teresa W. Wang et al., “National and State-Specific Unit Sales and Prices for Electronic Cigarettes, United States, 2012-2016,” Preventing Chronic Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 2, 2018, https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2018/17_0555.htm.

[3] Louisiana Department of Health, “Vaping in Louisiana,” January 17, 2020, http://ldh.la.gov/index.cfm/page/3724. Accessed January 21, 2020.

[4] Well-Ahead Louisiana and the Louisiana Campaign for Tobacco-Free Living, “E-Cigarette Use Among Louisiana Youth,” 2019, http://tobaccofreeliving.org/public/files/Youth_Vaping_Report_2019.pdf.

[5] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “High School YRBS Louisiana 2017 Results,” 2017, https://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline/App/Results.aspx?LID=LA.

[6] U.S. Food and Drug Administration, “Compliance Check Inspections of Tobacco Product Retailers,” September 30, 2019, https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/oce/inspections/oce_insp_searching.cfm.

[7] Truth Initiative, “Tobacco use in Louisiana,” June 28, 2019, https://truthinitiative.org/research-resources/smoking-region/tobacco-use-louisiana-2019.

[8] Royal College of Physicians, Nicotine without Smoke: Tobacco Harm Reduction, April 2016, https://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/projects/outputs/nicotinewithout-smoke-tobacco-harm-reduction-0.

[9] A. McNeill et al., “Evidence review of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products 2018,” Public Health England, February 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/684963/Evidence_review_of_e-cigarettes_and_heated_tobacco_products_2018.pdf.

[10] The American Cancer Society, “What Do We Know About E-Cigarettes?” June 19, 2019,  https://web.archive.org/web/20190806152535/https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/tobacco-and-cancer/e-cigarettes.html.

 

For more information, please refer to:

Tobacco Harm Reduction 101: A Guidebook for Policymakers
https://www.heartland.org/publications-resources/publications/latest-heartland-policy-booklet-addresses-vaping-myths
This booklet from The Heartland Institute aims to inform key stakeholders on the much-needed information on the benefits of electronic cigarettes and vaping devices. Tobacco Harm Reduction 101 details the history of e-cigarettes, including regulatory actions on these products. The booklet also explains the role of nicotine, addresses tax policy and debunks many of the myths associated with e-cigarettes, including assertions about “popcorn lung,” formaldehyde, and the so-called youth vaping epidemic.

Nothing in this Policy Tip Sheet is intended to influence the passage of legislation, and it does not necessarily represent the views of The Heartland Institute. For further information on this and other topics, visit the Budget & Tax News website, The Heartland Institute’s website, and PolicyBot, Heartland’s free online research database.

The Heartland Institute can send an expert to your state to testify or brief your caucus; host an event in your state; or send you further information on a topic. Please don’t hesitate to contact us if we can be of assistance! If you have any questions or comments, contact Heartland’s government relations department, at governmentrelations@heartland.org or 312/377-4000.