Research & Commentary: Michigan House Considering Gubernatorial Limitations during a State of Energy Emergency
In this Research & Commentary, Samantha Fillmore examines a House Bill in Michigan that would create gubernatorial limitations during a state of energy emergency.
The Minnesota House of Representatives has introduced House Bill 6202, a bill that would rein in executive powers granted to the governor during a state of energy emergency.
The legislation states that the governor may issue an executive order, proclamation or directive related to a state of emergency and that any executive order, proclamation, or directive issued is effective for the duration of a state of emergency as provided in statute. If the legislature approves an extension of a state of energy emergency, the order, proclamation, or directive shall continue in effect, unless the governor rescinds it, or a concurrent resolution is passed by a majority of the members in each house.
HB 6202 further stipulates that the governor shall notify the legislature of an executive order, proclamation, or directive issued under the state of energy emergency act within 24 hours after it is issued. Moreover, these executive actions must be suitably disseminated to the public, and filed with the secretary of state and the state police.
House Bill 6202 is a step in the right direction towards curbing gubernatorial power during emergency declarations, especially after the coronavirus pandemic shed light upon how easily these can be abused.
During the pandemic, many Americans saw their respective governors wield unprecedented power with seemingly unlimited emergency declarations. This overnight shift in governance, coupled with a plethora of governors who abused their pandemic emergency powers, has left several states reevaluating constitutional statutes pertaining to emergency provisions and powers granted to the governor during a state of emergency. With HB 6202, Michigan is no exception.
This change to the current Michigan laws surrounding the establishment of a state of energy emergency is paramount to prohibit governors present or future from excessively extending state of emergency powers long past the point of necessity, and wielding other powers that affect the economy, small businesses, and education.
Simply put, HB 6202 creates commonsense restrictions and limitations on gubernatorial powers. Furthermore, it reintegrates the legislature into the governing process during states of emergency. It aligns with many of the principles developed by The Heartland Institute during the pandemic, which legislators can reference upon any gubernatorial abuses of power.
Some of these ideas and principles include:
- The ability to immediately nullify an emergency proclamation via resolution.
- The creation of time limitations for an emergency order, renewable by the legislature.
- The ability to pass a resolution that requires the governor to call a special session to approve of an emergency proclamation if the legislature is out of session.
- Permitting an interim committee or group of legislative leaders to extend or reject emergency proclamations.
- The imposition of specific limits to executive authority during an emergency proclamation (i.e., restricting the governor from unilaterally closing businesses, closing houses of worship, shutting down freedom of the press, and rescinding the right to bear arms).
There is a clear appetite among lawmakers and constituents to restrict gubernatorial overreach, especially after governors across the country dictated policy like kings throughout the pandemic. Via this legislation, Michigan lawmakers can catch up to their peers in other states who have already taken measures to rein in executive authority.
Co-equal governance, checks and balances, and the decentralization of power are bedrock principles of American democracy. Yet, these fundamental principles have been AWOL in Michigan since the pandemic.
Fortunately, lawmakers in Michigan are beginning to stand up to gubernatorial overreach by reasserting their rightful place as a much-needed check against the executive branch.
The following documents provide more information about executive authority in a state of emergency.
Testimony Before the Georgia House Judiciary Committee regarding legislative and executive authority in a state of emergency.
Cuomo has issued multiple statements in an attempt to quell the backlash and frustration of New Yorkers and lawmakers in Albany to no avail.
The Heartland Institute hosted a webinar on Aug. 27, 2020, for state legislators to discuss how they can rein in governors, who wield seemingly unlimited powers in the wake of COVID-19. For many months, Americans have been abhorred by out-of-control governors who have imposed draconian lockdowns, which have decimated small businesses and people’s livelihoods. For instance, Gov. Andrew Cuomo has been roundly criticized for his heavy-handed and ineffectual response to the coronavirus outbreak in New York, which has drawn substantial blowback. Cuomo has also attempted to coverup his disastrous policy of forcing elderly patients with COVID-19 to return to nursing homes, where they spread the deadly diseases like wildfire among New York’s most vulnerable. As the days grow shorter and the temperatures dip lower, now is the time to begin exploring oversight over dictatorial governors and restore power where it rightfully belongs: With we the people, not I the governor.
Nothing in this Research & Commentary is intended to influence the passage of legislation, and it does not necessarily represent the views of The Heartland Institute. For further information on this and other topics, visit the Budget & Tax News website, The Heartland Institute’s website, and PolicyBot, Heartland’s free online research database.
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